A cortisol test may be used to help diagnose Cushing syndrome, a condition associated with excess cortisol, or to help diagnose adrenal insufficiency or Addison’s disease, conditions associated with deficient cortisol. Cortisol is a hormone that plays a role in the metabolism of proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates, among other functions. A cortisol test is done to measure the level of the hormone cortisol in the blood.
Cortisol has many functions. It helps the body use sugar and fat for energy, and it helps the body manage stress. Cortisol levels can be affected by many conditions, such as physical or emotional stress, strenuous activity, infection, or injury.
People who have the following symptoms:
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- High blood sugar (glucose)
- Obesity, especially in the trunk
- Fragile skin
- Purple streaks on the abdomen
- Muscle wasting and weakness
For more information on this test, visit labtestsonline.org
No preparation needed